Core Course Descriptions

Note: This page is currently under construction.

First Year

Phar 6700: Becoming a Pharmacist
2 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: First year PharmD student
Course Description: Introduction to knowledge, skills, attitudes necessary for success in professional pharmacy curriculum/practice of pharmacy.

Phar 6702: Integrated Biochemical Sciences
4.5 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: First year PharmD student
Course Description: Foundation in structure/function of medicinals. Familiarize students with structural/physical properties of proteins, nucleic acids, lipids, carbohydrates, ligands/drugs. Basic concepts central to structure/function relationships of therapeutics.

Phar 6704: Foundations of Social and Administrative Pharmacy
2.5 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: First year PharmD student
Course Description: Foundation for how one should think about rational use of drugs in system of care. Content/skills learned will be applied in subsequent courses continuing through 4th year of curriculum. Module focused on Drug Literature Evaluation (DLE). 

Phar 6706: Foundations of Pharmaceutical Care
1.5 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: First year PharmD student
Course Description: How a pharmacist should think about rational use of drugs in caring for patients. Content/skills learned will be applied in/provide framework for all subsequent courses continuing through 4th year of curriculum/lifelong into practice.

Phar 6708: Drug Delivery I
2.5 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: First year PharmD student
Course Description: Fundamental physicochemical principles applicable to dosage forms. Foundational scientific principles (continued in DDII) illuminated with examples of solution drug dosage forms. Concepts relevant to current/future dosage forms.

Phar 6710: Pharmaceutical Care Skills Lab I
2 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: First year PharmD student
Course Description: Introduction to profession/building skills necessary to become competent, caring pharmaceutical care practitioner. Course consists of laboratory section and lecture.

Phar 6715: Career and Professional Foundations I
1 credit – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6700
Course Description: Knowledge acquisition. Career/professional development.

Phar 6716: Applied Pharmaceutical Care
2.2 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6700
Course Description: Contemporary topics in pharmaceutics research.

Phar 6718: Drug Delivery II
2.4 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6708
Course Description: Builds on Drug Delivery I. Dosage forms, mostly solid/dispersed. Chemical kinetics, chemical stability, buffer systems, polymers/proteins, rheology. Physiochemical principles relevant to design, preparation, storage, use, efficacy, evaluation of pharmaceutical dosage forms.

Phar 6720: Pharmaceutical Care Skills Lab II
2 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: None
Course Description: Part of Pharmaceutical Care Learning Center curriculum spanning six semesters. Introduction to profession. Begin building skills necessary to become competent/caring pharmaceutical care practitioner.

Phar 6722: Principles of Medicinal Chemistry
2.1 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6702
Course Description: Discipline of medicinal chemistry. Principles of drug design/drug metabolism.

Phar 6724: Immune System and Infectious Disease
3.1 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6702
Course Description: Immunological, epidemiological, pathogenic basis of viral, bacterial, protozoal, fungal, helminthic disease. Biological composition of vaccines/immunologic response to live attenuated pathogens/microbial extracts. Chemical, cellular, biological principles of immune system.

Phar 6726: Principles of Pharmacology
2.3 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6704
Course Description: Builds on information in basic science courses offered in first semester of PharmD program. Foundational content necessary for comprehension/application of all subsequent pharmacotherapy modules that require application of pharmacological concepts/knowledge.

Phar 6728: Pharmaceutical Calculations
.7 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6700
Course Description: Accurately performing pharmaceutical calculations is a critical component of patient care in every pharmacy practice environment. Calculations contribute just as much to good patient outcomes as the newest methods and guidelines for diagnosis, treatment, and prevention. The challenge of pharmacy calculations lies not in the cutting edge of science or their mathematical complexity, but in the need for consistent accuracy to prevent patient harm and possible fatality. To obtain this level of accuracy, an understanding of methods and deliberate, undivided attention to detail is required. Students must understand and master the basic concepts of pharmaceutical calculations with organization, consistency, and accuracy in order to provide optimal care to their future patients every day. Students should be committed to becoming a competent generalist practitioner who assumes responsibility and is willing to be held accountable for their patients' medication outcomes. 

Phar 7310: Introduction to Community Health and Interprofessional Engagement
1 credit – Fall semester
Prerequisite: First year PharmD student
Course Description: Course builds on content learned in Becoming a Pharmacist to provide students with fundamental knowledge, skills, and attitudes required of competent, caring general pharmacist practitioners. Content is integrated with concurrent first year didactic courses and prepares students for Pre-APPE.

Phar 7351/7352: Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience I & II - Community
1 credit – Fall and Spring semesters
Prerequisite: First year PharmD student
Course Description: The purpose of the Community IPPE is to introduce students to the fundamentals of pharmacy practice, and professional attitude and behavior in the community pharmacy setting. The course will build upon knowledge and skills gained in the first year didactic curriculum, particularly Pharmaceutical Care Skills Lab, Foundations of Pharmaceutical Care, and Applied Pharmaceutical Care. While there is significant overlap across semesters, there will be greater concentration on different topics by semester driven by the activities in workbooks. The fall semester will focus more on patient education and pharmacy workflow. The spring semester will focus more on OTC medications and self-care, and pharmacy operations. 

Second Year

Phar 6730: Career and Professional Foundations II
.5 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Second year PharmD student
Course Description: Emphasis on reinforcing, supporting, developing, assessing competencies/skills exercised in multiple courses. Includes work in career/professional development.

Phar 6732: Medicinal Chemistry and Pharmacology of Cardiovascular Agents
2.3 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6722 and Phar 6726
Course Description: Builds upon foundational concepts learned in Principles of Pharmacology/Principles of Medicinal Chemistry, applies them to drug classes primarily used for treatment of cardiovascular diseases.

Phar 6734: Cellular Metabolism and Nutrition
2 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Pathophysiology of disease states
Course Description: Herbal products/supplements. Pharmacology/clinical indications/drug interactions of common products in nontraditional complementary health care. Historical significance/evidenced-based role of products in health care. Case studies of clinical applications.

Phar 6736: Cardiovascular Pharmacotherapy
1.9 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Second year PharmD student, Physiology Competency Exam
Course Description: Key topics critical to preparing generalist practitioner to have input on optimizing care of patients with common conditions such as hypertension, dyslipidemia, ischemic heart disease (angina, acute myocardial infarction), supraventricular arrythmias (atrial fibrillation), chronic heart failure.

Phar 6738: Pharmacokinetics
3.7 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6708, Phar 6718
Course Description: Designed to give generalist practitioners fundamental skills to solve pharmacokinetically-based problems in patient care, particularly in regards to dosage regimen design/adjustment. Builds on concepts learned in Drug Delivery I/II. Follows path of drug molecule from incorporation into dosage form to release/disposition in biological system.

Phar 6740: Pharmaceutical Care Skills Lab III
2 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6710, Phar 6716, Phar 6720
Course Description: Designed for second year pharmacy students to continue to build skills necessary to become pharmaceutical care practitioners. Laboratory section/discussion.

Phar 6745: Career and Professional Foundations III
.5 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6715, Phar 6730
Course Description: Emphasis is on knowledge comprehension. Class includes work in career and professional development.

Phar 6750: Pharmaceutical Care Skills Lab IV
2 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6710, 6716, 6720, 6740
Course Description: This course is designed for second-year pharmacy students to continue to build the skills necessary to become a competent, caring pharmaceutical care practitioner.

Phar 6752: Integrated Endocrinology
2.1 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6710, Phar 6720, Phar 6734, Phar 6736, Phar 6740
Course Description: This course will integrate all pertinent endocrinology topics (excluding diabetes) into one course. Specifically, the pathophysiology, medicinal chemistry, pharmacology and the therapeutic application of the this knowledge will be covered in an integrated approach via specific modules. All major endocrine pathways will be taught, including hypothalamic/pituitary, steroids, female sex hormones, hormonal contraception, menopause/hormone therapy, bone health, male gonadal hormones, drugs in pregnancy and lactation, sexual dysfunction and thyroid hormone.

Phar 6754: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
2.1 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6710, Phar 6720, Phar 6734, Phar 6736, Phar 6740
Course Description: In this course, students will learn the principles of the pathophysiology of diabetes, pharmacology of the antidiabetic agents, evaluate key research on diabetes, interpret and apply clinical guidelines for diabetes, assess socioeconomic aspects of diabetes, and apply this information to patient cases. Special populations with diabetes will also be discussed including pediatric, gestational, and geriatric diabetes. Students will also learn the the pathophysiology of metabolic syndrome, pharmacology of obesity treatments, nonpharmacological and pharmacological ways to treat metabolic syndrome, including the implications of bariatric surgery on use of pharmacologic agents in general, and apply this information to patient cases.

Phar 6756: Kidney, Fluid, and Electrolytes
2.1 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6704, Phar 6716, Phar 6732, Phar 6734, Phar 6736, Phar 6738
Course Description: About 75% of new cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are due to diabetes and hypertension. Patients with CKD often experience congestive heart failure and anemia. In addition, the kidney is the main excretory route for many drugs. Thus, this course offers an opportunity to integrate material learned in previous and concurrent courses. In this course, students will learn key concepts and develop specific skills in the management of common fluid and electrolyte and single acid/base disorders and in prevention and management of chronic kidney disease and associated conditions.

Phar 6758: Pulmonary Pharmacotherapy
1.1 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6704, Phar 6716, Phar 6732, Phar 6734, Phar 6736, Phar 6738
Course Description: This course will provide students with the requisite pathophysiology and pharmacotherapeutic knowledge to care for patients with common pulmonary diseases. It will integrate concepts of pediatric and geriatric pulmonary dosing and infectious diseases.

Phar 7330: Community Teacher Experience I
.4 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6700, Phar 6706, Phar 6710, Phar 6716, Phar 6720 
Course Description: Community Teacher Experience I is a service learning experience which pairs second year students with a volunteer Community Teacher (CT). Students develop a working/professional relationship with their CT and learn from CT's health and life experiences. Students will work with their CT to choose and complete activities unique to each CT's health profile. CTs benefit by gaining better understanding of their health by discussing and evaluating their health profile with professional students. CTs will also better understand the pharmacist's role in healthcare.

Phar 7340: Community Teacher Experience II
.4 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6700, Phar 6704, Phar 6706, Phar 6710, Phar 6716, Phar 6720, Phar 6740, Phar 7330
Course Description: Community Teacher Experience II is a service learning experience which pairs second year students with a volunteer Community Teacher (CT). Through this course students develop a working/professional relationship with their CT and learn from their CT's health and life experiences. Students will work with their CT to choose and complete activities unique to each CT's health profile.

Phar 7353/7354: Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience III & IV - Institutional
1 credit – Fall & Spring semesters
Prerequisite: Second year PharmD student
Course Description: The purpose of the Institutional Introductory Pharmacy Experiences (I-IPPE) is to introduce pharmacy students to the fundamentals of pharmacy practice in the hospital setting. To complement their didactic curriculum, experiential experiences allow them to see pharmacy in action. The I-IPPE should be their opportunity to focus on the distributive and operational side of hospital pharmacy. While exposure to clinical services is an important part of hospital pharmacy, we can all agree even the most appropriately designed medication regimen is of no benefit to the patient, if it cannot be safely dispensed and administered.

Third Year

Phar 6748: Biopharmaceutics
2.6 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Third year PharmD student
Course Description: Biopharmaceutics is the final course in a four-course sequence that comprises the curriculum in pharmaceutics. Biopharmaceutics integrates core knowledge obtained in the previous three courses (Drug Delivery I & II and Pharmacokinetics), and also relies on general knowledge in anatomy, physiology, mathematics, general chemistry, and pharmacology.

Phar 6760: Career and Professional Foundations IV
.5 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Successful completion of Phar 6715, Phar 6730, Phar 6745
Course Description: For the third year of the Professional Development and Assessment sequence, the emphasis will be on deeper exploration into career options, as well as the tools needed for contemporary pharmacy practice. Students will have the opportunity to engage with their peers as well as practicing pharmacists as they learn about the expectations of contemporary professional practice.

Phar 6762: Medicinal Chemistry and Neuropharmacology
2.8 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Phar 6722, Phar 6726, Phar 6732
Course Description: Medicinal Chemistry and Neuropharmacology builds upon the foundational concepts learned in Principles of Pharmacology and Principles of Medicinal Chemistry, and applies them to drug classes primarily used for the treatment of central nervous system (CNS) and peripheral nervous system (PNS) dysfunction.

Phar 6768: Infectious Diseases
3 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Phar 6702, Phar 6706, Phar 6718, Phar 6724, Phar 6736, Phar 6738, Phar 6748, Phar 6756, Phar 6758
Course Description: Course will focus on the pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, and pharmacodynamics of antibiotics and the pharmacotherapy of infectious diseases.

Phar 6770: Pharmaceutical Care Skills Lab V
2 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Phar 6710, Phar 6716, Phar 6720, Phar 6740, Phar 6750
Course Description: This course is designed for third year pharmacy students to continue to build the skills necessary to become a competent, caring pharmaceutical care practitioner. The course consists of two components: a laboratory section and a discussion. 

Phar 6772: Topics in Pharmacotherapy
1.6 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Third year PharmD student
Course Description: Course provides students with the pharmacologic, pharmacotherapeutic, and pharmaceutics knowledge they need to understand therapies for dermatologic, gastrointestinal, and genitourinary conditions, and arthritis and gout. Prepares future generalist pharmacists to be knowledgeable about common conditions of aforementioned topics and appropriate pharmacotherapy options for treatment. It will focus primarily on pharmacotherapy, but will have an overview of pathophysiology of these conditions. Students will be expected to apply knowledge to design and monitor a patient-centered pharmaceutical care plan and to appropriately educate patients regarding proper use of medications covered in the course. This course prepares students to identify clinically relevant information in the modern healthcare setting, learn it at a depth beyond memorization, and apply and interpret its application to relevant patient case vignettes.

Phar 6774: Pharmacotherapy of Neurologic and Psychiatric Disorders
3.1 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Third year PharmD student
Course Description: Course prepares future generalist pharmacists to be knowledgeable about common psychiatric and neurologic disorders and about the appropriate use of medications used to treat them. Course primarily focuses on the pharmacotherapies used to treat psychiatric and neurologic disorders. This course will additionally provide an overview of the presentation and pathophysiology of specific psychiatric and neurologic disorders, an overview of the differences between the practices of psychiatry and neurology and a discussion of stigmas associated with mental illness. An overview of non-pharmacologic therapies will be introduced to the extent relevant to the generalist pharmacists. At the conclusion of the course students will be expected to apply knowledge learned in the course in order to design and monitor a pharmacotherapeutic plan for specific patients and to appropriately counsel patients regarding proper use of the various psychiatric and neurologic medications covered in the course.

Phar 6778: Pharmacy Law
.7 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Third year PharmD student
Course Description: The course covers both federal and state laws that impact and regulate the practice of pharmacy including federal regulation of medications, regulation of controlled substances, and the Minnesota Pharmacy Practice Act. The course will be offered entirely online.

Phar 6780: Pharmacy Outcomes
2.5 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Third year PharmD student
Course Description: Course facilitates integration of knowledge of basic sciences, pharmacotherapy, pharmacy practice management, pharmaceutical care, written communication, literature evaluation, drug information retrieval, law and ethics, and pharmacoeconomics to manage patients with multiple medical conditions. This course is where students are required to perform and demonstrate knowledge during curricular assessments.

Phar 6782: Evidence-Based Practice
1.8 credits – Fall semester
Prerequisite: Third year PharmD student
Course Description: The Evidence Based Practice has been designed to facilitate acquisition and application of evidence based practice knowledge and skills. Evidence based practice involves the use fo the best available evidence, clinical expertise and patients' values to make complex pharmacy related decisions.

Phar 6784: Integrated Oncology
2.8 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Third year PharmD student
Course Description: This course focuses on the etiology and molecular biology of tumorigenesis, medicinal agents, and pharmacology of anticancer agents, treatment of the most common cancers, supportive care of the patient with cancer, and social and ethical considerations of the treatment of the patient with cancer including end of life directives.

Phar 6786: Acute Care
3.4 credits – Spring semester
Prerequisite: Third year PharmD student
Course Description: Course prepares students to approach patients with multiple medical problems and the dynamic changes that patients can experience in the acute care settings. Students will then learn about the pharmacotherapy approach related to managing those disease states/conditions. Students will be expected to develop therapeutic plans for patient case scenarios at the onset of a hospital admission as well as additional problem that could present over the course of a hospitalization or result in readmission. Additional scenario problems will be incorporated into the cases as the course progresses and the cases and problems will become more complex. By the end of the course, students will have had an opportunity to address multiple medical problems and make pharmacotherapy decisions and will be evaluated based on those decisions. Knowledge gained in this course will prepare students for the APPE acute care/institutional rotation.

Phar 7355/7356: Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience V and VI: AS/IMUS
2 credits – Fall and Spring semesters
Prerequisite: Third year PharmD student
Course Description: Improving Medication Use Systems Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience (IMUS-IPPE) is an 80-hour early experiential offering that exposes and advances student understanding of quality improvement in patient care in one of many possible pharmacy practice settings. All students will complete an IMUS-IPPE during one of the semesters during their P3 year.
The purpose of the IMUS-IPPE is to give students the opportunity to develop continuous quality improvement (CQI) knowledge and skills via self-directed learning and participation in CQI initiatives projects in practice under the preceptorship of a pharmacist. Students will contribute to CQI initiatives improving patient care by participating on a project while learning about the organizations collective efforts related to quality improvement.
Advanced Selective Introductory Pharmacy Practice Experience (AS-IPPE) is an 80-hour early experiential offering that exposes and advances student understanding of direct patient care in one of many possible pharmacy practice settings. All students will complete an AS-IPPE during one of the semesters during their P3 year.
The purpose of the AS-IPPE is to introduce pharmacy students to direct patient care unique from dispensing functions in any pharmacy setting providing direct patient care. To complement their didactic curriculum, experiential rotations allow students to see pharmacy in action. Students completing an AS-IPPE will have the opportunity to focus their learning on a specific pharmacy interest area and related patient care clinical skills under the guidance of a preceptor.